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Abstract

In an earlier investigation (Cruse and Brüwer 1987) an algorithmic model was proposed which describes targeting movements of a human arm when restricted to a horizontal plane. As three joints at shoulder, elbow and wrist are allowed to move, the system is redundant. Two models are discussed here which replace this algorithmic model by a network model. Both networks solve the static problem, i.e. they provide the joint angles which the arm has to adopt in order to reach a given point in the workspace. In the first model the position of this point is given in the form ofx —y coordinates, the second model obtains this information by means of a retina-like input layer. The second model is expanded by a simple procedure to describe movements from a start to an end point. The results qualitatively correspond to those obtained from human subjects. The advantages of the network models in comparison to the algorithmic model are discussed.

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